Different between Profile and Role:

Profiles and Roles are two different Types in Salesforce.com.

below is the basic differences between profiles and roles:

Profiles control:-

The objects the user can access
The fields of the object the user can access
The tabs the user can access
The apps the user can access
The page layout that is assigned to the user
The record types available to the user

Profile is required field on User

Role control:-
Record level access can be controlled by Role. Depending on your sharing settings, roles can control the level of visibility that users have into your organization’s data. Users at any given role level can view, edit, and report on all data owned by or shared with users below them in the hierarchy, unless your organization’s sharing model for an object specifies otherwise.

Role is not a required field on User layout.

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I am Sakthivel Madesh, a certified Salesforce Developer & Administrator working on Salesforce Technology since 2011. I am currently working in IBM Austraila as Sr. Salesforce Developer. I have worked on multiple technologies Like PHP, Java, Salesforce, I am very passionate about Salesforce and to earn 10 Salesforce Certification. I love Trailhead for learning Salesforce Skill and Become a Trailhead Ranger too. I Love to Learn & Share my Salesforce knowledge to Salesforce Learners/Beginner using My Blog and Salesforce Community.

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