71. What is Sliding Window?
The sliding window is an abstract concept that defines the range of sequence numbers that is the concern of the sender and receiver. In other words, he sender and receiver need to deal with only part of the possible sequence numbers.
72. What is Piggy Backing?
A technique called piggybacking is used to improve the efficiency of the bidirectional protocols. When a frame is carrying data from A to B, it can also carry control information about arrived (or lost) frames from B; when a frame is carrying data from B to A, it can also carry control information about the arrived (or lost) frames from A.
73. What are the two types of transmission technology available?
(i) Broadcast and (ii) point-to-point
74. What is subnet?
A generic term for section of a large networks usually separated by a bridge or router.
75. Difference between the communication and transmission.
Transmission is a physical movement of information and concern issues like bit polarity, synchronisation, clock etc.
Communication means the meaning full exchange of information between two communication media.
76. What are the possible ways of data exchange?
(i) Simplex (ii) Half-duplex (iii) Full-duplex.
77. What is SAP?
Series of interface points that allow other computers to communicate with the other layers of network protocol stack.
78. What do you meant by “triple X” in Networks?
The function of PAD (Packet Assembler Disassembler) is described in a document known as X.3. The standard protocol has been defined between the terminal and the PAD, called X.28; another standard protocol exists between hte PAD and the network, called X.29. Together, these three recommendations are often called “triple X”.
79. What is frame relay, in which layer it comes?
Frame relay is a packet switching technology. It will operate in the data link layer.
80. What is terminal emulation, in which layer it comes?
Telnet is also called as terminal emulation. It belongs to application layer.
81. What is Beaconing?
The process that allows a network to self-repair networks problems. The stations on the network notify the other stations on the ring when they are not receiving the transmissions. Beaconing is used in Token ring and FDDI networks.